Remittances Review

ISSN:2059-6588 | e-ISSN: 2059-6596

ISSN:2059-6588 | e-ISSN: 2059-6596

Self-Esteem as a Predictor of Depression Among Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Elderly

Binish Nighat , Prof. Dr. Leenah Ãskaree , Dr. Benish Khan , Yousaf Khan Ahmad Shujāã Baig Engr. Ãmmaar Baig ,
Institutionalized elderly, Non-Institutionalized elderly, Elderly, Self-esteem, Depression. ,


The purpose of the research was to evaluate the effect of institutionalization on the level of self-esteem, and depression among elderly people. For this purpose, it is hypothesized that: Self-esteem would predict Depression in institutionalized elderly. The sample was comprised of 120 individuals in which 60 were institutionalized elderly and 60 were elderly who live in their homes. Authorities of old age homes in Karachi were approached and permission for data collection was obtained. Non-institutionalized sample was approached through snowball technique. Their age ranged from 60 years and above (M=66; SD=7.2). Urdu version of Rosenberg’s Self- esteem Inventory (Sardar, 1998) and Siddiqui Shah Depression scale (Siddiqui & Ali, 1997) were used. Participants’ permission was also taken and they were informed about the research through informed consent. After taking consent, Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Inventory (Sardar, 1998) and Siddiqui Shah Depression scale (Siddiqui & Ali, 1997) were administered in individual setting. For statistical analysis, descriptive statistics and Linear Regression were applied through SPSS, version 23. Linear Regression Analysis showed that self-esteem is a significant indicator of depression (R² = .85, F = 653.86, p <.01) among institutionalized elderly